Article – Online Security

Article – Online Security

JCAP101 Help Stop Fraud Article - Online SecurityBasic Online Security begins with establishing a secure connection, as it forms the foundation for safeguarding sensitive information. When accessing websites or online services, ensuring a secure connection is paramount to protect against potential threats. This involves using encrypted protocols such as HTTPS, which encrypts data exchanged between the user’s device and the website’s server, making it significantly harder for malicious actors to intercept or manipulate the transmitted data. By prioritizing secure connections, users create a fortified gateway that enhances the overall confidentiality and integrity of their online activities, laying the groundwork for a more robust and resilient online security posture.

  • Use Strong Passwords:
    • Create unique, strong passwords for each of your accounts.
    • Use a combination of upper and lower case letters, numbers, and special characters.
  • Enable Two-Factor Authentication (2FA):
    • Whenever possible, enable 2FA to add an extra layer of security to your accounts.
  • Keep Software Updated:
    • Regularly update your operating system, antivirus software, and other applications to patch vulnerabilities.
  • Be Cautious with Emails:
    • Avoid clicking on suspicious links or downloading attachments from unknown sources.
  • Use Secure Wi-Fi Connections:
    • Connect to secure and password-protected Wi-Fi networks to prevent unauthorized access.
  • Use a Virtual Private Network (VPN):
    • Use a VPN to encrypt your internet connection, especially when using public Wi-Fi.
  • Be Wary of Phishing Attacks:
    • Verify the legitimacy of websites and emails before providing personal information.
  • Regularly Back Up Data:
    • Back up important data regularly to prevent data loss in case of a security breach.


  • HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol):
    • It is the foundation of any data exchange on the Web.
    • Data sent via HTTP is not encrypted, making it vulnerable to interception by third parties.
    • Websites using HTTP are not considered secure.
  • HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure):
    • It is a secure version of HTTP that encrypts data during transmission.
    • HTTPS is used to secure online transactions, protect sensitive information, and ensure the integrity of the exchanged data.
    • Websites using HTTPS are considered secure.

Browsers Warning about HTTP:

  • Security Warnings:
    • Modern browsers, such as Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, and others, display warnings when users attempt to visit an HTTP website.
    • These warnings inform users that the connection is not secure and that their data may be at risk.
  • Back-Up Option:
    • Browsers often provide users with the option to “back up” or “go back” when encountering an unsecured HTTP connection.
    • This allows users to reconsider accessing the site and informs them about potential security risks.
  • Encouraging HTTPS Adoption:
    • Browsers actively encourage website owners to adopt HTTPS by favoring secure sites in search rankings and providing additional features and performance benefits.

In summary, using strong passwords, enabling 2FA, keeping software updated, and being cautious with online activities contribute to basic online security. HTTP is insecure, while HTTPS encrypts data for secure communication. Browsers warn users about HTTP, providing an option to go back and promoting a safer online experience.


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Article – Online Security

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